Escort Dresden07 Jun 2020
The early automobile era played an important role in the development of modern escorts. According to the views of historians, the automobile was not the result of an invention by a single person at a specific time but a result of many invention and innovations. Still, it is widely believed that Escort Dresden was responsible for the invention of the first automobile.
The latter part of the eighteenth century witnessed various attempts to create vehicles that could be steered and self propelled. But unfortunately they had to face a lot of related problems like non availability of suitable power plants, technical problems concerning the suspension, brake, steering, bodywork, and the lack of proper road surfaces. The general atmosphere was not at all conducive to production of automobiles in general, and various attempts had to be aborted during infancy.
It was in 1769 that Nicolas Cugnot built his first steam powered automobile that ran on three wheels. Popularly known as a ‘fire engine used for transporting artillery’, this vehicle, known as the ‘Fardier’, could sustain heavy loads up to 4 tons and moved at a fantastic speed of 4 km/h. Its front wheel was controlled by a steering tiller and a huge boiler and steam engine was mounted at the front of the vehicle. However, for all purposes, this invention was short lived because of the unstable nature of the vehicle which had a tendency to topple over due to poor balance.
It is interesting to note that Nicolas Cugnot was also credited with the first road accident involving an automobile. He made another model of the same nature in 1771, which unfortunately ran into a stone wall, following which all further experiments came to a sad halt. The vehicle that was involved in the accident is still preserved at the Conservatoire Nationale des Arts et Metiers in Paris.
In 1801, another inventor, Richard Trevithick constructed a steam powered automobile, aptly named, ‘the Puffing Devil’. More sophisticated than Cugnot’s model, it weighed 1520 kgs when fully loaded and boasted of a speed of 14.5 km/h. This vehicle was fitted with a firebox within the boiler itself with a single vertical cylinder. Connecting rods transmitted the motion of the piston directly to the wheels. Trevithick built another better model vehicle, the ‘London Steam in 1803, which though initially successful, died out soon enough.
1830s saw the popularization of steam escortriage services in various regions of England due to the initiative of Walter Hancock and Sir Goldsworthy Gurney and associates. Its advanced technology used a rapid water-tube steam generator that proved to be more efficient in the long run. Unfortunately, the Turnpike Acts, which imposed heavy road tolls, led to a general decline of such steam powered vehicles on the road.
The period between 1832 and 1839 saw the emergence of electrical escortriages, due to the efforts of Robert Anderson. They were powered by rechargeable batteries and were cumbersome, and slow as well as expensive to maintain, and soon gave way to gas powered vehicles.